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Punjab icon About - Punjab

Punjab . India

Best Places to visit in Punjab

Capital - Chandigarh

No. of Districts - 22

Population - 27,743,338

Area - 50,362 sqkm

Pop. Density - 550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)

GDP - 6.44 lakh crore (US$90 billion)

Literacy Rate - 75.8%

Gender Ratio - 895

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About - Punjab

Punjab is a state located in the northern part of India, known for its rich culture, history, and agricultural significance. Here are some key facts about Punjab:

  1. Geography: Punjab is situated in the northwest part of India, bordered by the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Himachal Pradesh to the east, Haryana to the south and southeast, and Rajasthan to the southwest, as well as the Pakistani province of Punjab to the west.

  2. Capital: The capital city of Punjab is Chandigarh, which is also a union territory and serves as the capital of Haryana.

  3. Population: Punjab has a population of over 30 million people, according to the 2011 census, making it one of the most densely populated states in India.

  4. Language: Punjabi is the official language of the state, and the majority of the population speaks it. Hindi and English are also widely understood and used.

  5. Religion: Sikhism is the predominant religion in Punjab, with Sikhs forming the majority of the population. However, Punjab is also home to significant populations of Hindus, Muslims, and Christians.

  6. Culture: Punjab is renowned for its vibrant culture, including its traditional music, dance (such as Bhangra and Giddha), festivals (like Vaisakhi), and cuisine (featuring dishes like makki di roti and sarson da saag).

  7. Agriculture: Punjab is often referred to as the "Granary of India" due to its fertile soil and extensive agricultural production. The state is a major producer of wheat, rice, barley, sugarcane, fruits, and vegetables.

  8. Economy: Agriculture is the backbone of Punjab's economy, but the state also has thriving industries such as manufacturing, textiles, and sports goods production. Additionally, Punjab has a significant diaspora settled in various parts of the world, particularly in countries like Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom, which contributes to its economy through remittances.

  9. History: Punjab has a rich historical heritage, with evidence of human habitation dating back to ancient times. It has been home to various ancient civilizations, including the Indus Valley Civilization. The region has witnessed numerous invasions and rule by various dynasties, including the Mauryas, Guptas, Mughals, and Sikhs.

  10. Sikhism: Punjab is the birthplace of Sikhism, one of the major religions of India. The religion was founded by Guru Nanak Dev Ji in the 15th century, and its holiest shrine, the Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib), is located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab.

These key facts provide a glimpse into the diverse and dynamic state of Punjab, which holds significant cultural, historical, and economic importance in India.

Punjab Map