Capital - Port Blair
No. of Districts - 3
Population - 380,581
Area - 8,249 sqkm
Pop. Density - 46/km2 (120/sq mi)
GDP - 0.066 lakh crore (US$930 million)
Literacy Rate - 86.6%
Gender Ratio - 876
Official Website - https://www.andaman.gov.in/
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a group of islands at the southeastern edge of the Bay of Bengal. They are a union territory of India. Here are some facts about the Andaman and Nicobar Islands:
Geography: The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are located about 1,400 kilometers east of the Indian mainland. The archipelago consists of 572 islands, and it is known for its pristine beaches, lush greenery, and rich marine life.
Capital: The capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is Port Blair, which is the largest town and the main entry point to the islands.
History: The islands have a complex history, including indigenous populations, colonial rule, and their use as a penal colony by the British. The Cellular Jail in Port Blair, also known as Kala Pani, was used to imprison political prisoners during the Indian independence movement.
Biodiversity: The islands are known for their rich biodiversity, both on land and in the surrounding waters. The waters around the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are home to diverse marine life, including coral reefs, fish, and other marine species.
Indigenous Tribes: The islands are inhabited by several indigenous tribes, including the Jarawa, Sentinalese, Nicobarese, and others. Some of these tribes have chosen to remain isolated from the outside world.
Tourist Attractions: The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors with their natural beauty and adventure activities. Radhanagar Beach on Havelock Island is often cited as one of the best beaches in Asia. Other attractions include Ross Island, Neil Island, and the Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park.
Diving and Snorkeling: The islands are a paradise for water sports enthusiasts. Scuba diving and snorkeling are popular activities, allowing visitors to explore the vibrant coral reefs and underwater life.
Flora and Fauna: The islands are home to a variety of plant and animal species. The dense forests are inhabited by unique wildlife, including the Andaman wild pig, the Andaman horseshoe bat, and the Nicobar megapode.
Weather: The climate is tropical and influenced by monsoons. The best time to visit is from November to April when the weather is pleasant.
Transportation: The islands are accessible by air and sea. Port Blair has an international airport, and regular flights connect it to major cities in India. Ships also operate between the islands and the mainland.